PALESTINE EMERGING supports a comprehensive multi-modal transport network for the West Bank and Gaza Strip along with a phased development strategy. 

We anticipate the Surface Transport strategy will evolve over three time frames and related scales:

Short Term/ Micro-Scale 

(within the West Bank and within the Gaza Strip)

Medium Term/ Meso-Scale 

(between the West Bank and Gaza Strip)

Long Term/ Macro-Scale 

(between the West Bank/Gaza Strip and the Region)

The Surface Transport network includes a National Territorial Corridor between the West Bank and the Gaza Strip and major ‘back-bones’: North-South multi-modal spines in both Gaza and the West Bank (for rail + road). 

The network also includes diffused multi-modal infrastructure throughout the West Bank and Gaza Strip to connect disjointed fragments of the existing road network. This will incorporate public transport networks, including BRT systems, to connect Bethlehem, East Jerusalem, Gaza City, Hebron, Nablus and Ramallah. High-frequency services connect with the Territorial Corridor and North-South multi-modal spines at designated terminals. Low-speed infrastructure, including cycling highways and pedestrian thoroughfares in both Gaza and the West Bank, knits together communities and moderates demand on road networks.

To boost freight and logistics capacities, the surface transport network also incorporates expanded facilities at border crossings.

Economic viability for Gaza and the West Bank depends on trade with regional and global markets. PALESTINE EMERGING recognises the strategic importance of developing primary infrastructure corridors to support regional and international trade. 

In the short term, rebuild the Gaza Fishing Port and upgrade infrastructure to accommodate
‘Roll-On/Roll-Off’ landings on an interim basis. Link the Fishing Port to secondary rgaza isoads and the High-Capacity Spine. 

Establish a short-range, electric vertical take-off and landing (eVTOL) Feeder Service to carry passengers from Gaza to air hubs in the West Bank (e.g. the former Jerusalem Airport) and Amman International Airport; this will be an efficient, sustainable, and cost-sensitive link to the global air network and a ‘leapfrog’ opportunity. Develop the Gaza Airfield at the northern end of Gaza to accommodate short-haul services. Integrate the airfield with Gaza Industrial Port, Gaza High-Capacity Spine, and the Gaza-West Bank Link to create a quad-modal transport hub.


Palestine Ministry of Transport (2016). 


Ecopeace Middle East (2024).